Musk, a man who pees for only three seconds
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In the Internet industry, surnamed Ma, there is a mysterious advantage.
Marc Andreessen founded Netscape and appeared on the cover of Time magazine at the age of 24. For the first time, humans have seen young, intelligent tech geeks become billionaires from the start.Mark Anderson was touted as an icon of his time。
In 1995, Elon Musk realized that the Internet would change the world.So I went to Netscape to find an internship。 On the day of the interview,Musk was led to the hall and told to wait。 He spent the whole day in the lobby of Netscape, and in the end no one took care of him. Shy of his South African accent, he was afraid to say hello to anyone, so he left in silence.
Since you can't join an Internet company,Then you have to start your own family.The following year, Musk took a break from Stanford University to start Zip2, an Internet company that offers city navigation and restaurant guides, the equivalent of Baidu Maps and popular reviews. It was acquired by Compaq in 1999.Musk, 28, was $22 million.
At the same time,Ma HuatengJust registered in ShenzhenA company called Tencent, OICQ (later QQ) simply can't find a way to make a profit, but as users grow, the cost of buying servers becomes a huge burden, and the company can go out of business at any time.
Mark zuckerberg.Mark Zuckerberg, a 15-year-old student at Phillips Exeter Academy, one of the most expensive and best high schools in the United States, wrote an mp3 playback plug-in called Synapse. Zuckerberg put the software on the Internet and wasMicrosoft and AOL(AOL) surprised people, both sidesGive the talented middle school student a salary of one million dollars a year。 But Mark Zuckerberg "turned his back" and went to Harvard.
It's all God's will in the dark。 Microsoft and AOL, just at the same time Mark Anderson can not be more familiar.
Netscape's browser products are amazing.It caught Microsoft's attention。 Bill Gates is in every Windows systemBundled Internet Explorer(Internet Explorer). In this way, users get a new computer, there is already a full-featured Internet Explorer, who will pay to buy Netscape browser? In.It was the netscape that fell quickly。 In 1999, the year Musk earned his first bucket of gold,Netscape was acquired by AOL for $4.2 billion.
Mark AndersonLater start-up projects were not very good, basically is to do a down one, but the investment does feng shui up, whichThe most successful was investing in Harvard dropout Mark ZuckerbergFacebook.
Musk had a good childhood, but his family was poor as a teenager. Because of domestic violence, the mother took her three children to live in Canada, a family of four crowded a small house.Until Musk made $22 million from Zip2For the first time, the family's financial situation has really improved.
In addition to buying a luxury McLaren F1 sports car (only seven were imported in the US that year), Musk invested the rest of his money in new start-ups, an internet payments company, X.com, and later PayPal.This is a full five years before Alipay was born.
Musk was still young during the PayPal era
At the turn of the century, the Nasdaq bubble burst, followed by the September 11 terrorist attacks, and the economy was in a gloom, but Musk in the Internet industry was dying.PayPal is going public, and his stock is worth $160 million.
At the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, the party that celebrates PayPal's launch is hilarious, with alcohol, electronic music and screams from women in the air. In the corner, Musk was looking at an old and broken bookSoviet rocket manual。
At this point Musk is overwhelmed by a huge challengeJust 30 years old to become a billionaire, the long road of life, how I want to spend wealth? How am I going to spend the rest of my life?
CenturyThe transformation of human life on the Internet has only just begunAmazon has just made a name for it, Google, Alibaba, Tencent and Baidu have just been set up, and no one at Facebook has thought of a social network as such a wonderful business. But Musk, as one of the internet industry's earliest practitioners,have reached the end of their own roadfrom the Internet in this riverpumping on the shore。
Teenager's be famous, more or less let him have the illusion of his own omnipotent, and in his first year, his new goal is -Let man colonize Mars。
The sorrows and glory of the past come from this.
In 2001, Musk and his new wife went on vacation to Africa.Unfortunately infected with malaria, almost died。 The lesson for ordinary people is that Africa is dangerous and don't go later. But Musk's conclusion is fresh: vacations are dangerous.Don't take a vacation。
In addition to his dedicated work, around the goal of colonizing Mars, his vast fortune has been invested in: research and developmentRecyclable rocketsSpaceXTo build an electric carTesla Teslaand take advantage of itSolarCity for solar power。
Among them,SpaceX is responsible for sending people to Mars.SolarCity is responsible for converting solar energy into electricity (Mars has no oil)。 AndTesla has taken on the daunting task of traveling and transporting to Mars。
You must have heard that the harder you work, the luckier you are. This is particularly evident in Musk. Soon he was lucky to find himselfNo more worrying about how to spend your vast wealthHis money, like a money-shredder, burned out, from billionaire to friendBorrow money to pay back your credit cardnegative.
Rockets, cars, energy, everything is extremely money-burning business, the industry's ecological stillness, has not made a big breakthrough for many years. In the example of electric vehicles, giants such as GM, Nissan, Honda and Volkswagen have all made big attempts at research and development, but in the end they have all come to a silence. These auto giantsNo one is richer than Musk？Which one knows more about cars than Musk?？
Electric cars are not good, in the final analysis, there are two bottlenecks. FirstBattery technology is extremely immatureand, secondly, after a hundred years of iteration,The fuel truck is in the best comfort zoneThe cost, the technology, the security, the infrastructure are all great. U.S. shale exploration technology breakthrough, greatly improve the proven reserves of oil and gas and long-term prices. SoIn the short term, there is no power or demand for the phase-out of fuel vehicles.
By contrast, batteries are a scary thing. I don't know which Tesla wonder employee, to celebrate the founding of the United States,Tie 20 batteries together and light them. The scene was quite bombedThe battery flew away like a rocket. The employees who witnessed it were all startled - Tesla's first car, the Roadster, had 7,000 batteries, and if the accident caught fire, it would be hell on earth.
Another expression of technological immaturity is the absurd cost。 Roadster's budget is overdred. Buying one without saying, Musk is just asking for less from start to finish, don't let the company die on the starting line. For this he was also shamelessCall the owner of the deposit together for a meeting and ask for a price increase。 Musk was viled by the media and clients as a pig's head and a liar.
Explosion, lack of money, explosion, lack of money, and then explosion, and then lack of money,Musk's first decade was largely like this.
SpaceX in 2008The first three launch pass failedThe team witnessed the rocket explode and crash on the spot, and on another occasion thought the launch was a success, and the champagne was turned on, only for the engineer to find that the satellite was not in its intended orbit.
"It's a small step for me, a big step for humanity, " said the first person to land on the moonArmstrong.(Neil Armstrong), is that authority? But.Even he said he didn't like Musk。 Armstrong was Musk's childhood hero and one of the reasons he wanted to get into space. What's more, ArmstrongHe died in 2012 and did not see Musk's subsequent turn。 Thinking of his idol, to death can not see themselves, under the camera Musk cried like a child.
No one is really free to listen to Musk's grief, the times are always turning to new guests, and the glory of Zip2 and PayPal has long been turned the page.
SpaceX explodes in a row as Beijing Olympics opensStart by selling booksAmazon.The launch of the Kindle completes a complete digital transformation of human reading, and the site's traffic has beenIs the retail giant Wal-Mart store flow of 2 times;Facebook has more visitors than Googleamong the world's top three websites;Director David FincherScreenwriter Aaron Sorkin is preparing to make a film called The Social Network to pay tribute to the new era idol.
There's more grandeur.Apple releases iPhone, smartphone appearsThe Internet is on the rise, and humans are running into the mobile Internet again!
Has there really been great progress in human science and technology?? personally felt. No. Silicon Valley heroes come out, but generation after generation is conservative, boring, and boring. Peter Thiel is another founder of PayPal and another of Facebook's earliest investors. So he sarcased Silicon Valley:We wanted a flying car, and you gave me 140 characters。 (140 characters refers to Twitter)
If the world is cut into bit worlds (digital virtual worlds) and atomic worlds (material worlds)
The world of bits is making rapid progressBig Brother, which was like a brick 30 years ago, is now a beautiful iPhone. In my pocket, among our fingers, entertainment, shopping, socializing, and information have never been more prosperous.
The atomic world of mankind is almost at a standstill, listed in 1969Boeing 747It is still the most popular model to this day.There are no significant changes in cars and 70 years ago。 After 1972Earthlings never visited the moon again。 OursThe housing programme has stagnatedEven backwards, with the exception of the extremely wealthy, residents of all the world's big cities are living between crowded, old houses and high house prices. The 2020 outbreak is even more fully exposed to usThere has not been much progress in the fight against the virus(Or by isolation, and then patiently waiting for the vaccine that can give birth to antibodies secreted by the body).
Silicon Valley and Beijing Hangzhou Shenzhen's entrepreneurial spirit is still so shy, but, no doubt, in those years,There are too many start-ups in bit world and too few start-ups in Atomic World。 It's no question that we're heavy-handed about the atomic world of Everino, the world of The Beat.
Silicon Valley was born with the same meaningThe imagination of the sky、The mission of opening up human bordersAnd.Great ideas for creating new industries。 Now here's just a simple application for mass production, goDelight consumersto pander to superficial short-sighted materialism, to tempt mankindAn obsessing over the virtual world。 The smartest brain of our generation is thinkingHow to get people to click on ads,Where has human curiosity, curiosity, ambition gone?
If we go on like this, we'll never be able to fly this blue planet.
That's exactly what sets Musk apart.
In him, we see things that were once so familiar, but are now scarceHuman yearning for the outside worldthe longing for the universe,An unknown challenge to the physical world。 To explore the fate of mankind and to conceive the future of mankind is the origin of civilization and the embodiment of the vitality of our species. This is obviously more than how to let users stay in my home APP, how to let them click more ads, how to sell more goods, more worthy of people's respect.
Mark Anderson on the cover of Time magazine
Time magazine's 24-year-old collagen-filled young face can no longer be found, and the god of the Internet can't escape the atomic laws of middle age, greasy, blessed, baldness in the physical world. The last time God sparked a big industry debate was in 2011, when Mark Anderson wrote in the Wall Street Journal.Software is "eating" the world》（Why Software Is Eating The World）。 核心观点是，Software will take over most of the economy.
Mark Anderson's forescorth is indeed high. The development of the Internet industry is indeed based on Mark's judgment, in the words of futureers:Algorithms and data become productivity.
Facebook was also struggling at its inception.There are more and more users, but there is no way to make money。 until you discover that user data is productivity. In fact, it's not just Facebook, China and the U.S. Internet companies that started out mostly profitable.until you start stealing user data, deep mining analysis, and then provide personalized, high-conversion advertising, only finally found a way to get rich.
In 2020,Mark Zuckerberg's personal image has completely collapsed。 He packed himself frugally and drove the Honda Fit, but bought a mansion and splashed it out. Except for the self-owned set,Several sets were also bought around, just to protect their privacyParadoxically, Facebook isMaking money with the user's privacy！
When he wanted to fight for China, Mark came to Beijing to run in the haze, asked a Chinese to name his children, organized the whole company to read his books, but whenTik TokAs a major rival, he immediately lobbied in CongressInsist that Chinese companies steal technology(The CEOs of Apple, Amazon, Google and Microsoft, who also participated in congressional inquiries, said there was "no evidence that Chinese companies are stealing technology." The world can't find a second celebrity, which can cause both the American people and the Chinese people to unite in disgust.
Mark Zuckerberg has no friends. But even if you lose the world,He also has Mark Anderson.How many forces have tried to take Zuckerberg out of the CEO position over the years? But as long as a few of the hardcore ones, led by Mark Anderson, are still on Facebook's board, think again.
At one point, Facebook's stock split, Zuckerberg received a huge stock bonus. Shareholders were extremely dissatisfied and called for the establishment of a special committee to investigate. But Mark Anderson was one of three members of the special committee, and midway through the meeting,He secretly took out his cell phone and texted Zuckerberg……
It's a real version."There are inner ghosts, terminate the transaction”。
And Markby,Every investment Musk has made is extremely risky.
A few years ago, watching the share prices of the Internet companies of their later generations go up sharply, they didstruggling to survive on the brink of bankruptcy all year long,Musk defended himself this way: In my opinion, failure is an option,If you don't fail, you don't have real innovation.
Musk has a high vision, a small mind, poor character, and extreme pride.Bill Gates says he doesn't like electric cars for long hauls, and Musk said on Twitter that 怼 "doesn't know about electric cars." Despise Jeff Bezos's Blue Origin, insisting that it plagiarized SpaceX and that Amazon was a monopoly. Musk, who came to China last year for the AI conferenceAnd Jack Ma staged an epic chat that pierced the floor, Mr. Ma wanted to produce a bowl of warm and touching human chicken soup as before, but was biasedMusk lifted the table。
But MuskThe least favorite must be Mark Zuckerberg。 In 2016, Musk asked Tesla and SpaceX to cancel their Facebook accounts in protest at Facebook's invasion of user privacy. Embarrassingly, SpaceX isFacebookTwo satellites were launched, but they both exploded。 Musk could not hear the criticism of himself, and replied coldly, "No.There's insurance”。
Artificial intelligence is getting hotter, and Zuckerberg is proud of Facebook's data capabilities. But Musk believes thatAI is dangerous and can even perish humans。 He said of Zuckerberg.Xiaoza's knowledge of AI is very limited”。
In the last two years, the relationship between the two men has continued to deteriorateMusk always made sure everyone around him knew about "Facebook Sucks" (Facebook sucks)。 Whenever there's negative news on Facebook, you can see retweets and comments like Musk's.Shocked.! "As long as it's a mark Zuckerberg-related topic, Silicon Valley Iron Man instantly became "Twitter Keyboard Man."
What "no failure, no innovation", don't listen to Musk pretend, in fact, translated to mean: brother failure is quite a mess, but you are not allowed to laugh!Their Internet companies play with the rest of their brother's play in the last centuryWhy doesn't Facebook fail? Because Internet companies all over the world only dare to stay in their comfort zone!
Indeed, Google, Facebook, Amazon,Ali, TencentOccasionally there will be challenges, there is a little bit of competition with each other, in addition to peachy, and occasionally a few positive negative news. But even if the controversy continues, these are monopolisticInternet platforms have never really faced a full-scale collapse.
ButMusk is differentthat is really often caught up inUnable to pay wages, only a few days from bankruptcy dilemma.In 2017, Tesla rushed to a life-and-death level, burning $500,000 an hour. One of the top 100 listed companies in the U.SShorting the rankings, Tesla has been the first in years since the IPO。
Go ahead and say,2008 was even worseAnd, outside there was a subprime crisis, the interior was a variety of explosions and malfunctions of rockets and electric vehicles,SpaceX and Tesla are in a desperate situation at the same timeMusk has at most enough money left to save one family, and no one thinks he could lead both companies out of this disaster at the same time. Musk threw everything he had left.There isn't enough money in your pocket to buy a sandwich, and you have to borrow money from a friend to pay back your credit card。
Musk's second wife,Very worried about his sudden deathBecause Musk would fall asleep in the middle of the nightclimbed on top of her and screamed.
Facing the New York Times cameras, the middle-year-old "Iron Man"Fragile, tired, almost out of controland cried as he saidI haven't had a good night's sleep for a long time, I haven't socialize, I don't have friends。
Every time Tesla or SpaceX accomplishes a feat and steps out of a moment of highlight, all these grievances and misery are turned out by various articles.Musk is often pressed into pots by authors from all over the world, to match the suffering he has experienced, and then to make thousands of bowls of inspirational chicken soup。 In a tribute to Musk, he was described asSimple, focused, persistentlook.
In fact, it's not all right.Silly white sweet, there is no way through the strangeness of life and the torture of fate, to reach the rare place。 People who are able to face cruelty and sarcasm and push the limits are oftenSelfish, heartless, paranoid, crazy character。
Tesla, under Musk, will build a new plant every time it chooses a siteTry to drain the local government's last drop of blood.When it built its Nevada plant, Tesla waved the lure of adding 6,500 jobs and started a frenzied bidding war in seven states. Some attack, some wisdom, for the unemployment rate as high as 14% in Nevada, MuskPlay with the wrists of psychologists and court politicians。 Until then, Nevada had never offered more than $89 million in cash to attract investment, but this time it gave Tesla a $1.4 billion super bag. Successfully removed First Blood from Nevada.
No doubtMusk is a visionary leader, with unmatched technical expertise while maintaining a deep obsession with detail. Reflected in myself,He peed for only three secondsThat's itIt's been holding onand, to the place, to open the floodgates quickly,Like a fire water gun, it's done in three seconds.
Even your own bladder needs to be used to the extremePeople, how can not squeeze the people around them.
Leonardo DiCaprio, Musk's California neighbor, starred in director Martin Scorsese's "Aviator" in 2004, playing Howard Hughes, a playboy who is a second-generation playboy and a co-starAn adventurer obsessed with making big planes。 In the film Hughes says to a newly recruited employee:No matter how much you were paid, I'll give you twice as muchNow, you're working for me.
The new employee was grateful and said, Thank you, I thinkI must repay you with a double effort。 Hughes: Double?I want you to work four times as hard! In factI just hired you for half the money。 Hahaha...
Like Musk, Howard Hughes was a second-generation, playboy, American celebrity, and was once one of the richest men in the world.Obsessed with engineering and machinery, with a paranoid yearning for the sky。
Elon Musk and Howard Hughes
Except for the endless working hours, the schedule you'll never be able to catch up with,Musk and Jobs（Steve Jobs）Like, never care about your self-esteem。 It's not pleasant to be an executive or a worker for him.
Not only do Tesla executives often leave, but standards set by the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration show tesla's California plants from 2014 to 2018The number of violations is three times the total number of violations by the top 10 U.S. car companies.
The most innovative people are often a combination of genius and devil.
What kind of entrepreneurs do we want?? Can society, according to its own assumptions, fabricate a standard template for innovators, and then use the social frame to kill the "devil" part, force the development of a "great light" genius?
That's certainly not going to work.
In 2006, Tesla released itThree-step strategy。
The first step,Small quantities of high-priced carsto prove the feasibility of electric vehicles, i.e. sports car Roadster;
The second step,A car with a price/performance ratio，即Model S和Model X；
Step three,Production of electric vehicles for the general public for less than $30,000That's now model 3.
The first two are "making a drink" and "making toys for the rich".Only by achieving the third item can Tesla become a real car company。 By the model phase 3, it was no longer technology, but capacity, that was, what was bothering TeslaAchieve low-cost mass production。 For this reason, Musk has long eyed China, the world's factory-infrastructure maniac.
Despite his young popularity, Musk was late to become known in China. In his first interview with Chinese Media in 2013, Elon Musk's name was translated in a wide number of languages and was not unified until the publication of his biography Iron Man in Silicon Valley in 2016. Even when Tesla wants to enter China,The "Tesla" trademark has been registered Chinese company, the other side opened the price of 30 million U.S. dollars, dead not let go, but also put on a look of their own really want to build a car ... ...
None of this, however, is the greatest difficulty. KnownForeign car companies to enter the Chinese market to joint ventureand externalShareholdings must not exceed 50%。 Musk is one of thousands who don't want to. At the time, the friction between China and the U.S. only started a little, with Musk gicing on Twitter that the XXXX auto trade was unfair, violating his original promise to join W, and then donald Trump. Trump is happy to be the front-right for Musk. After the pressure,China has let loose on the opening up of the auto industry。 How should Musk repay Mr. President? ——He immediately went to China to discuss investing in the plant。
Trump's willingness to go head-to-head is a direct reasonBring manufacturing back to the United States，是make America great again。 可是Musk used the old man's fists to be patrioticAnd.It's heartless to throw it when you're done.
Soon, Musk was stuttering chicken in Shanghai and chatting with vice-presidents in Ziguangge, Beijing.Tesla became the first 100% foreign-controlled car company since China's reform and opening up.
The infrastructure frenzy did not disappoint Musk in early 2019Shanghai factoryLaying the foundation stone in a wasteland, the first model 3 was offline 12 months later. A wasteland, foundation, plant, water circuit, construction support, production lines, organization of supply chains, opening machines, hiring staff, assembly of vehicles,All of the above, 12 months to complete!
With China's ultra-efficient supply chain, super-perfect market volume,Tesla has achieved retaliatory growth。 From the very beginning of delivery, there is no suspenseIt dominates China's electric car salesSoon.And frequently beat the fuel carBecome the sales champion of all cars.
Musk isThe principle of first natureA faithful believer in (First principle thinking). The so-called principle of first nature is to abandon the box,Start with the core goals and focus on the end result，God stops killing God, Buddha blocks killing Buddha.
This is Musk.The goal is number one。 Principle, when appropriate can throw away, objective conditions, if blocking my way, can also be distorted.
In May 2020, SpaceX's rocket lifted two U.S. astronauts into space, an important highlight moment. A lot of the reports blew Musk into the sky. Ashlee Vance posted an article in Bloomberg, Elon Musk Is The Hero America Deserves,Musk is America's worthy hero》。
Ashlee Vance, author of Musk's biography, has a glossy title that says Musk is an American hero, howeverThe whole process is high-level black.
At the height of the U.S. epidemic, even Europe banned Americans from entering the country. The U.S. government finally began enforcing home segregation, and Tesla's factories were forced to close. But, as mentioned earlier,Mass production is the key to Tesla's life and death.So Musk was once again firmly on Mr. President's side,It is firmly believed that the outbreak is not terribleThe infected person data are overestimated.Like Trump, he championed the treatment of covid-19 in chloroquine, a drug commonly used to prevent malaria.Although professional doctors have issued enough warnings that there is no evidence that the object is useful, there is no doubt that arbitrary use is harmful to humans.
In March, Musk predicted on Twitter that the U.S. would enter the "0 new" phase by the end of April.The outbreak is not terrible at all! The reality is that the outbreak has fluctuated and is not yet fully stabilized.
In fact, Musk ignored the facts,There is only one real purpose: capacityThis is Tesla's most important and critical thing right now, and U.S. factories must resume work immediately. Finally, in threatening the state government,If Tesla is no longer allowed to start work, move the plant to TexasAfter. Musk's desire to return to work succeeded.
This is the most contradictory and ironic place.Why Musk is obsessed with immigration to Mars? It is because he is convinced that the earth will be destroyed by plague, nuclear explosions, comet impacts and other extreme disasters. ButThe local ball is really facing an outbreak disasterWhat about the world's business leader, Silicon Valley Iron Man? He turned a blind eye to objective evidence, as a tech entrepreneur and a super KOL,Upside down black and white, against segregation。
People who know Musk well have had experiences like this,During the conversation, he stopped suddenly, after a moment of silence, suddenly asked the other side, "Do you think I'm crazy?”
A lot of people are asked about it, and then we know:He's just asking himself。
"How can I be as great as Bill Gates, Jobs, Elon Musk?" someone once asked quora. "Musk's ex-wife, Justin, wrote this answer:Extreme success stems from extreme character，This has come at the expense of many other things。These people are out of character with the world of the common man, and eventually become the strange curry in the eyes of others.
The same answer applies to another question:Why does China have a lot of marks, but China doesn't have Musk?？
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