Holiday return to charging Google also has a mid-life crisis? In the 2021 school year membership recruitment
Holiday balance is insufficient, everyone is back to the day-to-day? Vivie's holiday is pre- and all kinds of reading, papers dominated to the dark - today return to update a foreign magazine dry goods - remind everyone that November's CATTI is not far away - to move! It is recommended that you and we look at the foreign issue, today's foreign publication notes produced by the co-study group peach juice teacher, including the "raw word accumulation, matching accumulation, foreign publication link, ZF work report expression link", whether it is CATTIer should feel full of dry goods
Tips: Member of the 2021 School YearAnd.Recruitment begins in the final issue of the government's work report before the 2020 CATTI exam! Sign up for a picture at the end of the stamp or the rest of the tweet!
The firm has outgrown its uninhibited corporate culture. It is time to learn from its elders
Growing up, Google can no longer follow its unbridled corporate culture. It's time to learn from the predecessors
IT MAY BE just 21 years old, but Google is in the midst of a mid-life crisis. As so often in such cases, all seems well on the surface. Every day its search engine handles 6bn requests, YouTube receives 49 years’ worth of video uploads and Gmail processes about 100bn emails. Thanks to its dominance of online advertising, Google’s parent company, Alphabet, made a profit of $34bn last year. Beyond its core operations, it is a world leader in artificial intelligence (AI), quantum computing and self-driving cars. Along with the bosses of Amazon, Apple and Facebook, its chief executive, Sundar Pichai, was grilled this week by lawmakers in Washington, DC, who fret that America’s tech giants need to be restrained because they are so profitable. Crisis? What crisis?
Google may be the only one at the moment21years old, but has ushered in a mid-life crisis.As is common in such crises, everything looks good on the face of it.Every day, Google's search engine responds60100 million requests, uploaded toYouTubeVideo can be played in total49YearsGmailTo deal with approximately1000100 million e-mails. Google's parent company is the dominant company in the online advertising businessAlphabetIt was achieved last year340billions of dollars in profits. In addition to its core business, Google is also an artificial intelligence (AI, a global leader in quantum computing and driverless.7At the end of the month, GoogleCEOSandal Pichay (Sundar Pichaiand Amazon, Apple andFacebookThe bosses were questioned by lawmakers in Washington who feared the US tech giant's profits were too lucrative and needed to be restricted. Middle-of-the-year crisis? What's the crisis?
P1: Does the over-profitable Google really have a mid-life crisis?
The accumulation of new words
upload /'ʌpləud/◙verb [I,T]
1. if information, a computer program etc uploads, or if you upload it, you move it from a small computer to a computer network so that other people can see it or use it
Upload and upload information, computer programs, etc;
»It might take a while for this to upload.
Uploading this may take some time.
quantum /'kwɒntəm/◙noun (plural quanta) [C] [technical]
1. a unit of energy in nuclear physics
grill /grɪl/ [T] to ask someone a lot of questions about something
Interrogation, interrogation, cross-examination:
»grill sb about / on sth
»She never grilled her husband about his work.
She never asked her husband about his work.
fret /fret/◙verb fretted, fretting [I]
1. to worry about something, especially when there is no need
»Don't fret – everything will be all right.
Don't worry. - Everything will be all right.
▪ [+ about / over ]
»She's always fretting about the children.
She is always worried about her children.
»men of fifty fretting that they're no longer young
A fifty-year-old man who is no longer young
△ Example sentence link:
That would eliminate the comparability problem. It might also please economists who fret that accounts do not capture the economy-wide shift from tangible to intangible assets.
That would eliminate the problem of comparability and perhaps delight some economistsThey worry that the company's accounts do not reflect the overall shift in the economy from tangible to intangible assets.
——190223The foreign magazine, "That's It."
Back then the paper fretted that the anxiety was “fed by growing doubts about society’s ability to rein in the seemingly runaway forces of technology”.
At the time the newspaper was worried about this anxiety"It stems from growing doubts about society's ability to harness the seemingly out-of-control power of technology."
——20200106Foreign journal Pessimism vs. Progress
Being hauled before Congress is, on the face of it, a sign of success. But it also marks a difficult moment for Google’s leaders: the onset of corporate middle age (see article). This is a problem as old as business itself. How do companies sustain the creativity and agility that made them great, even as they forge a culture and corporate machine that is built to last? For Google the transition is especially dramatic because its founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, tried from the start to build a firm in which this moment would never arrive. As Google prepared to go public in 2004 they declared that it was not a conventional company, and “we do not intend to become one”. They hoped playground-like offices, generous perks and a campus atmosphere would allow it to retain the agility and innovation of a startup as it grew. The appearance of wrinkles on the corporate forehead is an admission of failure.
On the face of it, being questioned by Congress is a reflection of corporate success. But for Google's leadership, it also marks a difficult time: The company began to enter middle-life. The problem is as old as the business itself.How can companies maintain the creativity and agility that have allowed them to make their own businesses while building an enduring culture and corporate mechanism?The shift is particularly striking for Google, whose founder, Larry SPage (Larry Pageand Sergey Brin (Sergey BrinFrom the start, we tried to build a company that would never have had this moment.2004When Google was preparing to go public, they declared that Google was not a traditional company and that "we are not going to make it that way". They hope the playground-style office space, generous benefits and campus-like atmosphere will allow Google to grow up with the agility and innovation it was when it was a startup. But the wrinkles on its forehead suggest that this has not worked.
P2Google's vision of a company with enduring creativity doesn't seem to have worked.
haul /hɔːl/ haul sb up
[informal] to officially bring someone to a court of law to be judged
• Arraign (a person) and bring (a person) to trial:
▪ [+ before / in front of ]
»Campbell was hauled up in front of the magistrate.
Campbell was arraigned to appear in the District Court.
We also encountered it in the previous foreign journals of the communist grouphaulNoun usage,long / slow haulSaid.“Time-consuming and labor-consuming”。
Example sentence link:
On the majority of the most-travelled long-haul routes the number of first-class seats available has fallen sharply in the past decade.
Those with the highest flight density in the past decadeLong-haul routesThe number of first-class seats has mostly fallen sharply.
——191007 Co-education GroupForeign Issue "Chinese Truck Driver Culture"
1. the onset of sth, the beginning of something, especially something bad
The beginning of something, seizures (especially bad things):
»the onset of winter
Winter is coming
Example sentence union：
Indeed, for those who do go on to develop symptoms, the amount of virus they have in them peaks close to the onset of those symptoms, which suggests that it may be easily transmissible at an early stage of infection.
In fact, among those infected who later became symptomatic, tests found the highest amount and symptoms of the virus they carriedAt the beginningSimilarly, it indicates that the virus may spread easily in the early stages of infection.
——20200418 Co-education GroupForeign publication "Insufficient does not mean non-existent"
sustain /sə'steɪn/◙verb [T]
1. make sth continue Keep something going, to make something continue to exist or happen for a period of time
Keep, maintain, and make it last;
»She found it difficult to sustain the children's interest.
She found it difficult to maintain the interest of the children.
agility Is.agileThe noun form of .
someone who has an agile mind is able to think very quickly and intelligently
The mind is astute:
»He was physically strong and mentally agile.
He is strong and quick-thinking.
♦agility noun [U]
»With surprising agility, Karl darted across the road.
Carl ran across the road and moved with odd agility.
1. [T] to develop something new, especially a strong relationship with other people, groups, or countries
Forming, creating, in particular, strong relationships with other people, groups, or countries;
»forge a relationship / alliance / link etc (with sb)
»In 1776 the United States forged an alliance with France.
1776 The United States is allied with France.
intended to be impressive, so that people notice
Eye-catching and impressive:
»She needed a stunning dress to help her make a dramatic entrance.
She needed a beautiful and moving dress to help her create a remarkable entrance effect.
»Tristan threw up his hands in a dramatic gesture .
Tristan threw his hands up in a dramatic gesture.
1. [only before noun] a conventional method, product, practice etc has been used for a long time and is considered the usual type
»Internet connections through conventional phone lines are fairly slow.
Connecting to the Internet through a traditional telephone line is slow.
perk /pɜːk/◙noun [C usually plural]
1. something that you get legally from your work in addition to your wages, such as goods, meals, or a car
Additional income (treatment) (treatment) (other than wages), allowances:
»theatre tickets and other perks
Tickets and other benefits
▪ [+ of ]
»the perks of working at a large law firm
Additional treatment for working in a large law firm
»I only eat here because it's free – one of the perks of the job.
I eat here just because I don't have to spend money - One of the extra benefits of this job.
retain /rɪ'teɪn/◙verb [T] [formal]
1. to keep something or continue to have something
Keep it, keep it; Continue to own:
»You have the right to retain possession of the goods.
You have the right to keep these items.
wrinkle /'rɪŋk(ə)l/◙noun [C]
1. wrinkles are lines on your face and skin that you get when you are old
»Her face was a mass of wrinkles.
Her face was covered with wrinkles.
sustainThe word has appeared several times in the Government Work Report to give you an extended look.
We must resolutely put the tax cut and fee reduction policy to enterprises, stay in the mountains, win the future.
All tax and fee reduction policies must be fully implemented for our businesses, so that they can sustain themselves and assure success for the future.
The idea of this sentence is:
“Stay in the mountains and win the future.” Is.“Implement.”of theObjective., so can be processed asThe resulting adverb clause；
“We should firmly put the tax cut and fee reduction policy to the enterprise”OK.Add a host：
We will make sure/ensure/see tax and fee reduction polices be ….
Or deal with passive;
Called.“Stay in the green mountains”is to use a Chinese idiom,“Stay in the green mountains, not afraid of burning without firewood”。 In other words, that's itcan survive(sustain)。
Out of an effective response to the impact, to achieve a virtuous circle of a new way.
We need to blaze a new path that enables us to respond effectively to shocks and sustain a positive growth cycle.
forgeIt is also a high-frequency term for the Government Work Report, to name a few:
As long as we always work with the people and strive to move forward, the Chinese for a better life will certainly be realized.
As long as we stand together with the people through good times and bad and continue to forge ahead, we can surely fulfill the desires of the Chinese people for a better life.
Report hot words:
Work hard together and move forward
stand together with… through good times and bad and continue to forge ahead
We should adhere to and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, support the accelerated development of ethnic minorities and ethnic areas, and cast a solid sense of the Chinese nation's community.
We will uphold and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, support ethnic minorities and ethnic minority areas in accelerating development, and forge a strong sense of community among the Chinese people.
We should give full play to the unique advantages of overseas Chinese family members, and constantlyEnhance.Chinese children cohesion, the same heart to create brilliance.
We will give play to the unique role of overseas Chinese nationals and their family members and relatives at home, and forge a stronger bond of attachment among all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation.
△ “Enhance cohesion"In other words, that's itCreate greater cohesionThis shifting idea can be used in a way that:forge a stronger bond of attachment
The signs of ageing are apparent in Google’s maturing business, its changing culture and its ever-more-entwined relationship with government. Take the business first. The firm is running up against growth constraints in its near-monopolies of search and online-advertising tools. Its market share in search ads is around 90%. Unearthing other gold mines has proved difficult. None of the ambitious “moonshot” projects into which Alphabet has poured billions, such as delivery drones and robots, has been a breakout success. To keep growing, Google is having to try to muscle in on the turf occupied by big tech rivals, such as cloud computing and enterprise software and services.
Google's aging is emerging in several ways: maturing businesses, evolving corporate culture, and increasingly entangled relationships with government.Let's start with business. Google's expansion has begun to take hold in search and online advertising tools, which are almost monopolized by it. Its share of the search advertising market has reached90%Around.The journey to the Nuggets elsewhere has not been smooth.AlphabetBillions of dollars have been invested in ambitious "moon landings", including delivery drones and robots, but none of them have made a breakthrough. To sustain growth, Google has had to squeeze into territories already occupied by other big technology rivals, such as cloud computing, enterprise software and services.
The accumulation of new words
1. easy to notice
It's obvious; I see;
»it is apparent (that)
»It soon became apparent that we had a major problem.
It soon beed that we were in big trouble.
Analysis of near-meaning phrases:
apparent: Emphasize the obvious or know at a thought. The word comes from the verbappearderived, and therefore sometimes contains a superficial and in fact not necessarily meaning.
obvious: Strong tone, refers to very obvious, visible to all, no need to explain and demonstrate.
evident: Refers to becoming obvious according to the facts.
clear: Common words, focus on clarity and clarity.
plain: Common words, meaning andclearVery close, can be universal, butplainFocus on simplicity, not complexity.
distinct: A more formal term, which refers to a clear outline or a clear definition or meaning, will not be mistaken.
definite: The tone was positive, the emphasis was unsymical, and there was no doubt about it.
manifest: Semantics are strong, written words, emphasizing at a glance, implying that no inference is clear.
entwine /ɪn'twaɪn/◙verb [I,T often passive]
be entwined (with sth), to be closely connected with something in a complicated way
(with something) closely linked:
»Our views of leadership are entwined with ideas of heroism.
We believe that leadership is closely linked to heroism.
run up against Said:suffered, encountered, encountered(Sudden problems or difficult opponents)
The museum has run up against opposition to its proposals.
The museum's proposal was opposed.
monopoly /mə'nɒp(ə)lɪ/◙noun (plural monopolies)
1. [C] if a company or government has a monopoly of a business or political activity, it has complete control of it so that other organizations cannot compete with it
Monopoly; Monopoly; Franchise.:
▪ [+ of ]
»Men held a near monopoly of power in the church at that time.
At that time, men had almost exclusive power in the church.
»the state monopoly of television
The state's monopoly on television
▪ [+ on / in ]
»For years Bell Telephone had a monopoly on telephone services in the US.
Bell Telephone has had a monopoly on U.S. telephone services for years.
unearthing /ʌn'ɜːθ/◙verb [T]
1. to find something after searching for it, especially something that has been buried in the ground or lost for a long time
Excavation, excavation, and discovery of (especially something buried underground or lost for a long time):
»Farmers still sometimes unearth human bones here.
Farmers can still dig human bones here sometimes.
The meaning of familiar wordspour /pɔː/ pour sth into sth
• if people pour money into something, they provide a lot of money for it over a period of time, in order to make it successful
A lot of money is invested in something.:
»They've poured thousands of pounds into developing the business.
They have invested thousands of pounds to develop the business.
[C] [technical old-fashioned] an aircraft that does not have a pilot, but is operated by radio
(Radio-operated) unmanned remotely piloted aircraft
The meaning of familiar wordsturf /tɜːf/◙noun (plural turfs or Or. turves)
[U] [informal] an area that you think of as being your own
The place, the sphere of influence:
»How vigorously will the local companies defend their turf?
How hard will local companies defend their land?
»sb's own / home turf ( = the place that someone comes from or lives in )
someone's own territory
• to use your power to get involved in or take control of something that someone else was doing, especially in business – used to show disapproval
Forced control (intervention) (derogatory):
▪ [+ on ]
»Banks are muscling in on the insurance business.
The bank is medding in the insurance business.
△ apparentUsage supplement:
This adjective, as it originally meant“It looks like it is”The meaning contained in the dark is“Not necessarily”。
But in practice, it's back“Obviously (it's true)”This means. The result is that both almost opposite meanings are used at the same time.
(e.g.It is apparent that Walt is going. Can be represented“Walter.Obviously.We're leaving”, can also be expressed“On the face of itWalter's leaving”。
To avoid ambiguity, it is represented“Obviously.”it's best to use it betweenevidentSaid.“On the face of it”it's best to use it betweenit seems。
The original sentence in the text isThe signs of ageing are apparent
The translator willapparentThe treatment is "manifest", so whether it means definite "obvious" or less absolute "look", it is visible here.
We can all remember this sentence in both Chinese and English:...Signs are emerging。
△ The firm is running up against growth constraints
The translation of this sentence everyone pay attention to,running up against The meaning we've just explained,constraintSaid."Restrictions."; Bondage,"growth constraints That is"Growth limits."
Google is experiencing growth constraints“Google's expansion is beginning to peak"You can see it.
Go to "Discovery" - "Take a look" browse "Friends are watching"
sent to have a look