Both face value and fragrance, from the composition, light and other 6 aspects of detailed food photography
Food is all color, aroma, taste, before the restaurant index finger movement, the most able to make you lift the appetite, is a mouth-watering food photo.A good food photo, of course, the chef is essential, but the icing on the cake is a credit to the photographer.
But the photos we take are often bleak, good machine friend photography today and you have a good chat about how to shoot food.
Food photography is a kind of still life photography, we can shoot from any angle we need.Different situations have different shooting angles, but generally classified, can be divided into low angle, 45 degrees, overlooking three.
1. Low angle
Used to display high, thick, layered food, or culinary photos that highlight the background. For example, common layered swings, delicate desserts, etc.
Of course, it also applies to drinks, tower-shaped desserts, low angles into some backgrounds, and even shooting from the bottom up at an angle close to 0 degrees or so.
Low angle into the background, not only can shoot food, but also the dining environment brings a sense of atmosphere.
If it's a mirrored table, low angles can even produce a noticeable reflection. Note, however, that the low-angle shot door is a disc with edges that obscures the bottom details of the food.
45 degrees is a medium-range angle, which is why it is also the most applicable. Can not only show the three-dimensional sense of space of food, but also to capture the main meal on the table before and after the relationship, but also to add human elements.
Using a wide-angle lens with a 45-degree angle, not only food, but also a partial display of the table and table chairs, plus a sense of wall space, this is actually the closest to the human eye observation habits.
Wide-angle lenses can hold more detail, but the disadvantage is that if the picture has an upright object, it may not remain vertical and food or cutlery near the edge of the screen will deform.
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3. Shoot down
If you play Instagram, you'll often see this composition. It gives people a novel perspective, but also has a certain sense of harmony and neatness, all three-dimensional food plates are abstracted into a flat geometric elements.
The interesting thing about looking down is that if you keep it absolutely vertical, the photo can be cut into squares at a later stage and rotate at will, regardless of the angle.The only possible disrupt factor is probably the shadow, the control is absolutely vertical, control the shadow, these two points are the key to the angle of view composition.
50mm, 85mm such focal length, but as long as there is some slight tilt, will let the picture skew, increase the time of post-correction. Wide-angle lens fault tolerance is higher, and can accept a larger picture, easy to clip, but the disadvantage is easy to produce edge distortion. Regardless of the focal length, it's best to exercise at a high level from the start.
Looking down is perfect for showing a table full of meals, or the feeling of a lot of people eating together. As shown above, the cup around the tabletop, due to the perspective of the relationship will produce perspective deformation, in order to avoid this, you can put the cup as far as possible in the middle of the screen. Shooting the meal making process, looking down at the angle is also a good choice.
If your pantlery looks good, you might want to highlight this with a tilted angle of view.
Use the desktop as a canvas to extract the color and shape of the food and work together to draw it.
There is no best angle, only a more suitable angle. Everyone has their own aesthetic habits, the focus is to try more, there will be new progress.
During practice, try creating compositions from different angles based on the same dish.Say goodbye to a single perspective and you're one step closer to dominating your circle of friends!Pick up the camera and try it!
Composition in veins, refers to the placement of food, which in turn contains proportion, proximity, cutting.
1. Scale / screen balance
Proportion and balance have an inextricable relationship, because the ratio is correct, the picture balance, the overall feeling will be very comfortable. The proportion of the picture not only refers to the decoration or position, the proportion of the picture decoration (food, background, props, etc.) to food is also very important.
You shouldn't want a supporting actor to grab a mirror more than the main character.At first, start with the completely clean background mentioned last time (see figure).
Further up to the beginning of the rich background of the decoration. If you don't know where to start, you can place the protagonist you want to shoot in the center of the screen, and then take it as the center to slowly add the props to be set up around the picture.
In addition to the balance between the main character and the set props, the color match between the ingredients should also be good. Imagine the concept of wearing clothes, but the color matching of food can be a little bit brighter than the jump of clothes!
Clothes can be accepted in addition to Christmas red with green, but the use of food pairing is very eye-catching. For example, salad swing plate, must be rich in color, green lettuce with red tomatoes, yellow corn, purple coriander and white protein (eg. chicken, eggs) and so on will make people have an appetite (clothes don't wear this way....), if you like the earth color system to wear, must stop at the clothes, in the ingredients color can be bold.
2. Up close
A single food shoots a sense of momentum and is also suitable for the process of cuisine. There's a joke in food photography: If you don't feel beautiful enough, you're not close enough! Before talking about the whole table or the whole shooting, but sometimes it can be tempting to take close-ups of food at close-up.
In particular, shooting a single ingredient, or with simple food, such a shooting theme can be filled with pictures, so that the audience can think of their own hands full of memories of the ingredients. For example, pasta in a picture.
There is also a benefit to shooting parts of the food, because only to see part of the picture, basically no swing consideration, full of suitable for the process of shooting food (work in progress), food is not yet able to swing the plate, or the desktop is too messy not suitable for the time point.
Go to the barren! Make the theme stand out! At first I thought, if the composition is done at once, why cut it? In fact, sometimes it is appropriate to remove some background, or more space, can make the whole photo look more harmonious.
Cropping can be a boost to composition.Sometimes the composition itself is not bad, but removing the extra parts can make the theme more prominent and the photo more perfect.
You should also pay attention to the cut point when cutting. Don't focus too much on the center point and ignore the surroundings, like a cropped plate at the center point, but the hand is cut in half, so that the whole picture is a little wrong, or the hand holding the fork is cut, like a fork floating in mid-air.
4. Use composition to add story
If you feel that simply taking food is too boring or that the whole picture is not vibrant, and you want to live in a natural situation, the easiest way is to use completely free props - hands.
Of course, the hand is still a supporting actor in the photo, it is in the picture to make sense (with sandwiches, knives and forks, wine glasses, MENU, etc.), rather than casually join in to mess up.
Hand placement of the position should also be noted, for example, can not account for the entire picture of the proportion is too large. If the hands make up half of the whole picture, who's the main character? Can not let the hand grab the food, and the proportion of hands is too large and easy to let look at the score heart.
If the subject of the shot is relatively single or smaller (e.g.:fruit, dried fruit, snacks), can be taken with both hands held or concentrated in a bowl to shoot.This not only helps people focus, but also shows the actual proportion of food.And there's an atmosphere where people put food in front of you and invite you to try it.
However, it's not every time you shoot that the plate or the food itself is at its best. The last (and I've loved it recently) approach is to create a feeling of "eating" or "about to start" and give the person looking at the photo an atmosphere of anticipation.
For example, a spoon has been dug or a knife and fork shows what is being cut.(For example, the hand in the picture is cutting the pizza apart to create a real-time sense of "about to happen")
It is important to note that the food that has been eaten should pay attention to its cutting. Most of the situation is acceptable, except for the bad-looking tooth marks or the complete ruin of the integrity of the food. Create a sense of casualness, or a lot of details to pay special attention to.
1. Light is one of the elements that make up a photograph
Shooting food, light is the best condition to stimulate appetite, generally shooting food is mainly required to smooth light and side backlight. However, the smooth light is more flat than the side light, lacking some of the layered sense of the picture.
If you can use these plastic light properly, you can make the object to produce a three-dimensional effect, so that it outlines a delicate outline, the texture of the food will be enhanced, creating a pleasing feeling of mouth-watering.
2. Temperature control of light
Mastering the temperature changes in light can also cause the object being photographed to have a different effect. "The plan of the day lies in the morning", the early morning sun is always full of energy, warm and warm sunshine on the object, everything is full of hope.
And when the evening sunset rains into the window, the food itself reflects a soft natural curve, giving comfort to a tired day's physical and mental chat.
Be aware that the light angle in the morning and evening is the easiest to form a bright and simple line of light, side backlighting is the most common.Choose a well-lit shooting scene, such as a window or balcony, and manually use your phone's own editor to adjust light, exposure, and shadow highlights if there is insufficient or overexposure.
3. Do not use the flash
The first thing we have to keep in mind in food photography is to keep a low profile, and to draw on that you don't use flash. There are a lot of restaurants that emphasize a quiet and laid-back atmosphere, and if you use the flash in this quiet environment, it will no doubt cause a lot of trouble for the customers who eat together.
Yes, some restaurants do not have ideal lighting conditions, the overall environment is very dark, but that's why you shouldn't use flash. And if you're using a combination of carry-on smartphones and flash devices, you'll be less than happy with the food.
So what should we do in this environment? Using a SLR camera is recommended to use the maximum aperture, and don't be afraid to turn up the ISO, the loss of a little picture quality is better than making people spit "no quality". If you don't want to lose the quality of your paintings, it's also a good idea to have a small tripod that you can put on the table.
If you take pictures with your phone, you can try the HDR mode built into many smartphone photo-taking features, because in theory food won't be active and should have better results.
1. Don't shoot in a series
As a photographer, you'll love to hear the shutter sound, but the other guests sitting next to you aren't necessarily the same. If someone slams the shutter while you're eating, a lot of people will feel like an animal eating at the zoo, right?
Hearing a shutter sound like a machine gun at dinner can annoy most people, not only ruining the quiet dining environment, but also possibly involving the right to a portrait of a person.
So when we're shooting food, we need to turn the camera in our hands into silent shutter mode, and two shots in the same picture is enough, so you don't have to shoot all the time. Because the food doesn't run away, and the lights don't have to change while shooting, do they?
Take a step back and say that food photography is one of the common but more difficult subjects to shoot. This is mainly because food tends to be perfect only at the moment of good cooking, and the time to maintain this state is only a few minutes or even a few seconds short.
Once you miss the first prime time period, it's hard to get to the perfect state when you're just at the table. The longer you shoot, the more you shoot, and the worse it gets. So, the shooting mode is still not used when shooting food.
2. Share only your proud work
Since the beginning of the media age, everyone has become keen to share their lives frequently. While this is not to blame, for food photography, it's better to be cautious if you want to share it with others.
You might have eaten a delicious meal in a restaurant and taken it, but have you ever wondered if the picture you took accurately shows the style of the dish and adds to it?
Some restaurants now ban guests from taking pictures at meals, precisely because the photos taken by them are so bad, the dim lighting and the poor technology that it's hard to get an appetite for them.
A less successful or mediocre food-themed photograph is more like a spitting groove than a promotion or a record.
If you add in the photographer's late level is not good, or simply because lazy and did not make late adjustments, then such a photo is a disaster.It's common to want to record delicious food, but there's really no need to put every photo on the Internet to share with friends.If you want to share, please take out a few proud works.
3. Shoot early
The best time to shoot most gourmet photography is when you're just putting it on the table, so you need to think about composition and shoot as quickly as possible, especially for juicy cuisine, and capture it as quickly as the juice flows.
1. Bring textures and lines to the screen
Shooting food on a wooden tabletop is a very flattering way. At this point, all the elements in the photo look rustic and authentic. If the food you're photographing isn't as beautiful as what the big restaurant does, but is handcrafted at home, the background with this old wood can add texture to the photo.
2. Ultra-wide-angle zoom can also be used
I remember taking this picture, I had to stand on the railings to get a bigger angle, wobbling, and guessing to determine the approximate location of the view.
But now, lcd real-time view, so that things are no longer so complicated.Although the price of using an ultra-wide-angle lens is that I have to correct the distortion at a later stage, without it, it is very difficult to present the entire desktop.
3. Consider the weather and grasp the time
My favorite shooting time is in the late afternoon, preferably cloudy weather. Similar to human photography, soft white light is best suited for food.
A not-so-clean window can act as a diffuse board, allowing light to evenly spill over the surface of the food, so if you're sitting by the window, move your table closer.
4. Manufacturing depth of depth of view is often amazing
If we shoot vertically down, depth of view is less important, and the entire dining table is clear, whether it's a larger or smaller aperture shot.
But when we shoot from a certain angle, the picture will produce a depth of change, the use of shallow depth of view shooting can make the picture more layered.
5. Pay attention to the selection and embellishment of the color of the ingredients
If the food in the picture is bright and not complicated, then it must make people feel very delicious, as if the food is in front of their own eyes.
6. Use the small props and utensils around you
A good-looking gourmet avatar depends not only on its own appearance, but also on the backing of small props.
Light and clean tablecloths, simple and generous napkins, a bunch of beautiful flowers, the recent popular imitation marble plate and so on simple food, or the brain hole open you put them all on top of the white sheets, a pot of lovely strawberry pancake plus your computer and pop coffee cup, as well as "swinging god" kinfolk magazine, simply put the minimalist wind to the extreme...
7. Find a concise background
Wood-print dining tables, white walls in the home, and solid-colored walls outdoors can all serve as backdrops for shooting food. A simple background allows the viewer's attention to be locked in the food for the first time.
Many photographers may find that even if they already know how to composition, use up, and look for shooting angles, they still can't make a picture like a food ad.
In fact.There is a big difference between professional food photography and our amateurs taking food.Even some of the food used for professional photographers is not allowed to eat.Now, let's take a look at the basics of professional food photography!
1.8 hours of filming is common
Don't think that only a French meal will slowly eat while waiting for hours, the original common food shooting is at least a few hours.
It is already common to shoot food for 8 hours because different units are involved in the process of shooting (e.g.:Chef, art, customers, freshness of ingredients), purely from the point of view of photography, lighting, composition, color matching, and even food props, every step should be done carefully, not the chef cooked the dishes after pressing the shutter with the phone called completion.
As a professional photographer, it takes more time to lay out the best of the food itself.
2. Accept the drop in food photography
In recent years, there have often been photos of Po netizens, referring to food photos seen in restaurants and objects that are completely different from heaven and hell. Even though restaurants will use "pictures for reference only" to avoid violating the Commodity Description Ordinance, the psychology of diners is particularly like a roller coaster.
What do you think of this question as a professional photographer? "In fact, as a food photographer, it is my responsibility to take pictures and present the best state of the food; "Photographers want to take pictures, cooks want to make dishes ready to eat. This is the responsibility of their respective roles.
3. Patting food is fine work
In terms of photography, generally speaking, Western food will be easy to handle Chinese food, shooting hotel food will be easy to deal with fast food, and every food will have trouble and difficult to deal with places, such as: pasta to be wrapped up beautifully is not easy, even if a bowl of white porridge, a bowl of white rice, if you want to "beautiful shape", are not so simple. These are not cooks who can be fully balanced and need the help of a dedicated food photographer.
Sometimes the difficulty of shooting is in the time, such as: soup, powder, noodles and so on, powder will be because of the addition of soup and quickly make the face rise, to grasp the time to shoot;
In addition, "sauce" and "flowing" food will make the photographer a little "afraid", because the liquid form to look good, serving size and time to be pinched correctly, the opportunity can not be repeated, so every time encounter these two kinds of food, will be very careful and careful.
4. Strictly until you shoot chicken wings are scoring around
When taking a person's image, the photographer communicates with each other for better results. How should we "communicate" when filming food?
In fact, before each shooting, will first go to the kitchen to communicate with the chef, let the chef preview how to shoot, and then to the chef to understand the cooking method, process and eating method, so that the budget time and the appearance of the food, to see if the food can be attached to the size of the tableware and the direction of the lighting.
Of course, in some cases, when the photographer does not have the opportunity to communicate with the chef in advance, certain problems arise, such as the food may have been prepared too early to be in optimal condition, or the orientation of the food does not match the pre-set lights, etc.
Do not know through this article, we have a more comprehensive understanding of food photography? So starting today, try taking a pat on the back of what you're tasting!
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